There are different types of protective orders or restraining orders available depending on the type of protection needed:
- Order of Protection: Provides protection for people being abused by family or household members.
- Civil No Contact Order: Protects victims of rape, sexual assault, or sexual abuse from the abuser, and can also be used to protect the victim's family.
- Stalking No Contact Order: Stops someone else from stalking someone. Stalking is any activity that makes someone fear for their safety or become distressed. It must happen more than once to be stalking.
Order of Protection
A person being abused by a family or household member can get an Order of Protection to protect them and anyone else living in their home, including minor children. Also, any adult with a disability who is abused or neglected by a family or household member can get an Order of Protection.
An Order of Protection can be issued against any of the following:
- Anyone in the victim's family or household, including anyone they are related to by blood or by marriage (including parents, children, and stepchildren);
- Anyone the victim has a relationship with through a child. For example, the child's grandparent;
- Anyone the victim had a child with;
- Anyone the victim is currently dating or living with, or has ever dated or lived with; and
- The victim's spouse or former spouse.
With an Order of Protection, a victim can ask a judge to protect them from an abuser. For example, a judge can order the abuser to:
- Stop abusive acts;
- Stay away from the victim and other people protected by the order;
- Not contact the victim via telephone calls, mail, email, written notes, or third parties;
- Stay away from the victim's home, school, or work;
- Attend counseling;
- Pay child support;
- Return or stay away from property; and
- Move out of a home they share with the victim.
A judge can prevent an abuser from seeing the phone records of the victim and any minor child in the victim's custody. The Order of Protection can require phone service providers to transfer service so that the victim can keep the same phone number. The victim will have to pay the bill.