Glossary beginning with S

Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Sanction
When a judge penalizes a party
SDU
A processing center that handles child support payments, called the State Disbursement Unit

Synonyms: State Disbursement Unit

Sealing
When a criminal record is hidden from most of the general public, but not law enforcement
Security deposit
A payment held by a landlord to make sure that a tenant pays rent on time and keeps the apartment or house in good condition
Serve
Giving court documents to someone
Service by publication
Notifying someone about a case by publishing a notice in a newspaper
Settle
To resolve a case before finishing a trial
Settlement agreement
An agreement by both sides in a lawsuit that settles all the issues of the case without going to trial
Sheriff
A county officer who can serve people with summons and evict someone with a judge’s order
Significant decision-making responsibility
Being able to decide how a child is raised, such as their education, religion, and educational activities
Small claim
A lawsuit asking only for money, for $10, 000 or less
Social security disability
A federal program that gives money to people who cannot work because of a disability
Social security number
A number that the federal government gives to each individual to keep track of their earnings and retirement benefits

Synonyms: SSN

Stalking
When a person follows someone, watches them outside their home or office, or tells them things they observed them doing
Standing
The right to file a lawsuit or make a particular legal claim
State's attorney
A lawyer who represents the state in a criminal case
Statement of facts
Any written or oral list of facts in a court case
Statutes of limitations
Length of time to file a suit in court
Stay order
A court order that delays a court case
Stipulation
An agreement between 2 or more people
Subpoena
A court order requiring someone to show up in court
Subtenant
A tenant who will either share the rental or take over from the first tenant in the apartment
Summary judgment
A court decision made on the basis of statements and evidence presented for the court record without a trial
Summons
A notice to a defendant that a lawsuit against him or her was filed in a court and that the defendant has to appear in court
Supervised visitation
Visitation between a parent and a child in the presence of another adult
Supplemental security income
A federal program that gives money to low-income elderly, blind and disabled people on a monthly basis

Synonyms: SSI

Supporting parent
Parent who pays child support